2. The Waldeck Regiment according to Bruce E. Burgoyne
3. Philipp & Henrich Lange according to Bruce E. Burgoyne
Burgoyne, Bruce E. (2008). Waldeck Soldiers of the American Revolutionary War. Heritage Books Inc.
Burgoyne did his research through HETRINA at Marburg Archives more than 25 years ago. But, he had also access to other documents pertaining to the Waldeck regiment, information that is not part of the HETRINA database.
We learn many important facts about these two Waldeckers.
From the David Library in Pennsylvania, I’ve also learned that Philip is listed on the muster roll coverering most of the year 1777. So, it seems that Philipp Lange was not made prisoner that year. He would not have deserted also.
I don’t know how Bruce E. Burgoyne was lead to write that Philipp was born in Wirminghausen, that his name was Philipp Henrich, that he was captured in 1777 and that he deserted that same year. The indexes that mention Philipp Henrich Lange are based on the book by Bruce E. Burgoyne. All the documents that I have on hand from Hetrina don’t mention that Philip was captured in 1777.
On December 15, 2014, I learned from a professional genealogist and historian from Marburg, Dr. Thomas Heldt, that the Name of Philipp Henrich Lange does not appear anywhere in the military file: everywhere the name of Philipp Lange is used.
Heinrich left America for Germany in 1783. Did he came back afterwards? One thing is sure, many of them did came back to live in Canada and in the United States after 1783.
How many Waldeckers were made POWs in 1777?
In 1777, many Waldeckers were made prisoners-of-war. For each of the following dates, I have listed the number of prisoners.
The main reason why I want to learn about all the aspects of desertion during the ARW is that my hypothesis stands on one pillar:
Volm, M. H. (1937). The Hessians Prisoners in the American War of Independence and Their Life in Captivity. University of Virginia.