My ancestor, Philip Long, could be Philipp Lange from Wirmighausen (1775) where he enlisted in the 3rd Waldeck. He arrived in NY in 1776; deserted in 1778; enlisted in the WFRF in Florida; deserted in1781; enlisted in the KAR in 1781. He sought refuge in Canada in 1783 where he married Marie Julie Couillard-Després in 1792. At the end of his life, he moved to Clair Madawaska NB. My research aims at verifying this hypothesis with the help of Dr Thomas Heldt, a German genealogist.
1. Philip listed as a German soldier in the Waldeck regiment
Philip had to come through a port in America. He did so through the port of
New York with the 3rd Waldeck regiment in 1776. The following screen capture was
made from a query at ANCESTRY.COM.
Philipp Lange arrived in
America (New York) in 1776
with the German 3rd Waldeck
Philip was consequently a 3rd
Waldecker soldier. (If you click on the screen snapshot, it will reappear at its full size)
From the Marburg Archives where the military files of these regiments
are stored, I came across the military file of Philipp Lange. Here is a screen
snapshot of it.
The military file of Philipp
Lange showing that he was born circa 1756
and lived in Wirmighausen, Germany
First blown-up section of the
military file of Philipp Lange
(Since it is difficult to read, I have divided it in two sections and
increase their size.)
Second blown-up section of the
military file of Philipp Lange
The name of Philipp Lange in
the list of German soldiers who
came to America during the
ARW of 1775-1783
Where is Wirmighausen located? I guess it will be more convenient for
you to find it through GOOPLE MAPS. But, here a screen shot that will help you
locate it in Europe.
2. Birth certificates in Germany
On a military file, we learn that he was living in
Wirmighausen at the time he was a soldier in the 3rd Waldeck regiment. Was he
born there? Do we have birth certificates to his name?
I must advise you in advance that, for instance, the
name Johann Philip Lang is the name given at baptism. The individual will go on
in life as Philip Lang. Even though our ancestor signed his name as Philip
Long, it means that we have to search in Germany for Philip Lange, or better,
Johan Philip Lange. The Longs in Germany were very scarce in the 18th
If you work with ANCESTRY.COM, the result will look like the first screen capture.
If you work with LDS,
the result will look like the second capture.
screen capture: Ancestry.com
screen capture: LDS
A few German
for the name
of Philip Lang/Long
surely noticed that there is no birth certificate that seems to match perfectly
the data on his military file. First,
the military file is not sure about his exact birth date: it could be 1756 or 1757. Second, on a passenger
document, it says roughly the same thing: about 1757. Getting the exact date of
his birth could very well a monumental task due to the distance and language
barrier that separate us from Germany. Nevertheless, I think it is just a matter of putting the
right resources at the right place, and it will get done.